The Toyota Cressida Story (Half III)

The Toyota Cressida Story (Half III)


Immediately we discover ourselves within the third installment of Toyota Cressida protection. The primary Cressida bowed in 1978 with curvy European styling influences and was a extra luxurious take of the Corona Mark II with which North American customers have been already acquainted. After a brief run from 1978 by 1980, a second-generation Cressida was launched for ’81. It pursued a way more conventional three-box sedan form, and appeared fairly Japanese regardless of advertising statements about the way it was “European trying.”

Beneath the conservative form have been quite a lot of whiz-bang digital options, all utilized to an inside that was redesigned solely for the American market Cressida. The second Cressida was extra profitable than the primary, and new tech options like digital gasoline injection made it extra fascinating. After one other quick mannequin run from 1981 to 1984, it was time for the third technology Cressida. The brand new one in 1985 was much more conservatively styled than the 2 that got here earlier than it. Say whats up to X70.

As soon as once more the Cressida was a reputation change on Toyota’s midsize Mark II providing from the Japanese market. There, the new-for-’85 Mark II discontinued its Corona prefix and broke ties with its originator. Toyota stood Mark II up as a luxurious automobile and moved the Corona down a lesser path that may see it frequently stripped of options. Corona light away after 2001, as a Corolla-like front-drive sedan.

By the mid-Eighties, there was extra home competitors in Japan to the Mark II: Longstanding choices just like the Nissan Laurel have been joined by new fashions like Nissan’s Leopard. Toyota competed with the Mark II internally too, because it spawned related vehicles within the Chaser and Cresta throughout this technology. Extra on that shortly.

Very similar to the second-gen Mark II, the X70 model had three physique types. All had 4 doorways, in sedan, hardtop sedan, and wagon flavors. As was the frequent theme of Japanese vehicles within the Eighties, the Mark II grew bigger in its new technology. The wheelbase prolonged solely barely, from 104.1 inches to 104.7 inches.

The general size of the sedan grew by about three inches, from 180″ to 183.1″. The width stayed the identical 66.5 inches as a result of that was a vital quantity on the time. Mark II’s 1.68-meter width meant it was simply contained in the Japanese regulation for a “small dimension passenger automobile,” the place a max-width qualification of 1.7 meters was decided by the federal government. Any wider and the Mark II would have moved to the “regular dimension passenger automobile” class that had a lot greater taxation. Top shrunk barely on this technology, from 56.1 inches in 1984 to 55.7 inches in 1985.

Visually talking, the X70 Mark II and Cressida weren’t solely faraway from the X60 technology. Toyota utilized the identical conservative three-box form it used within the outgoing mannequin, with barely extra trendy proportions. On the entrance finish, essentially the most notable change was the arrival of the composite headlamps different markets used since 1981.

Lamps have been flanked by bigger nook markers that wrapped additional round into the fender, in amber (within the US) as earlier than. Giant flip sign indicators embellished the bumper as that they had beforehand. A lot of the chrome trim of the early Eighties mannequin reverted again to black on this technology, as Toyota opted for a much less flashy look. The facelifted LTD-like grille and its angled slats predecessor have been each thrown out, in favor of a simplified egg-crate design. There was a brand new sq. Cressida badge within the heart of the grille, along with Toyota block lettering on the decrease proper nook. In some markets, the grille was horizontal slats as a substitute however maintained the easier look.

The extra wheelbase size served to make entrance overhangs a bit much less noticeable, however that view was additionally assisted by a bumper that was tucked nearer to the entrance finish than earlier than. The fenders and facet profile of the X70 have been each similar to the outgoing technology.

One notable distinction was within the black trim strip midway up the physique, which stood out greater than the body-colored trim on the outdated automobile. Mentioned trim did have a easy chrome piece embedded in it to make it look extra fascinating. Although a bit decrease to the bottom, the greenhouse appeared nearly precisely because it had within the outdated automobile. There have been three home windows on either side, all surrounded by chrome. Seen from the facet by any informal observer, the brand new Mark II would’ve appeared indistinguishable from the outdated one.

The rear finish fared a bit higher within the edits division, as lamps now sported a mix crimson and amber design with bigger built-in reverse lamps. The X70 did away with the separate amber indicator lenses at both finish, in addition to the black rubber gasket that separated the lenses. The brand new rear finish appeared cleaner and made a bit higher use of its restricted chrome. Bumpers have been up to date right here too and caught out much less like a shelf. Nevertheless, the addition of a thick black trim strip on the rear bumper meant the rear finish misplaced among the upscale appears of the prior technology.

Inside, the brand new Mark II relied on the identical fundamental inside design because the outdated one. There have been further niceties like an digital equalizer as a substitute of a guide array of levers, and the local weather management gained computerized air mixing however maintained its guide temperature management. The dashboard leaned into its mid-Eightiesness through an non-compulsory digital sprint cluster, all the fad on the time.

The digital pace show was flanked by varied journey laptop info. Gas and RPM info have been now displayed through horizontal bars, in well-lighted inexperienced and teal. Even the temperature sensor was a horizontal bar. Warning lights have been separated from the principle gauges and moved to their very own small clusters on both facet of the wheel. Seats have been nonetheless of a brougham kind, further tufted and coated in ribbed velour or shiny leather-based.

We’ll maintain most of our styling commentary to the sedan model right here, because the Cressida was not imported in its extra sporty hardtop guise. That one was a frameless window design, which was usually extra aggressive-looking than the sedan. The Cressida wagon was based mostly upon the sedan and shared most of its appears. One distinction was on the wagon’s rear finish, because it didn’t obtain any modernizing just like the sedan did. It stored an older-looking tailgate and twin rear wipers.

X70 consumers skilled a dizzying array of engines dependent upon the market. Engines numbered 11 in whole and ranged from a base 1.8-liter inline-four by a number of inline-six mills of various displacements. The smallest I6 was a 2.0-liter, and the biggest was once more a 2.8. There have been additionally two diesel engines from the identical 2L engine sequence as earlier than, in both naturally aspirated or turbocharged guises. Transmissions diverse by the market as nicely and included two totally different four-speed automatics, one three-speed auto, and guide transmissions of 4 and 5 speeds.

Reserved for markets outdoors North America was essentially the most thrilling engine within the Mark II, the twin-turbo model of the 1G inline-six. A 2.0-liter, the 1G-GTE had twin overhead cams and managed 182 horsepower. It was a substantial energy benefit over the traditional 1G engine, which produced solely 133 horses.

For Cressida functions, the North American buyer was entrusted as soon as once more with the 5M-GE 2.8-liter inline-six, with twin overhead cams and EFI. Notable adjustments to the engine within the new Cressida have been restricted to a knock sensor that helped with gasoline administration. Horsepower remained at 143 initially, however small enhancements have been made over time. By the top of the technology, the two.8 produced 161 horses. All third-generation Cressidas have been computerized and four-speed, save for a choose run of 1986 examples that have been supplied with a five-speed guide.

Different advances with the brand new automobile included non-compulsory TEMS (an digital shock absorber management system), the aforementioned digital gauges, and a CD participant. Secondary controls for the stereo have been discovered on a brand new pod of buttons mounted excessive on the sprint subsequent to the instrument binnacle.

1988 Toyota Cressida

As soon as once more with Cressida for ’85, Toyota created a special inside for American market vehicles. Different left-hand drive Cressidas had a special dashboard design, no electrical shoulder belts, and a special steering wheel. As earlier than, the Cressidas accessible in Canada had a special inside to U.S. examples.

The third Cressida had a brief run, very like its predecessors. Modifications have been few over time and included the entry and elimination of a guide transmission choice in 1986, and a revised four-speed computerized for 1987. That yr was additionally the final for the slow-selling Cressida wagon, as Toyota spared themselves the difficulty of promoting a luxurious wagon to North America. That individual Mark II wagon had a really lengthy life and remained in manufacturing by 1997.

Toyota expanded its Mark II-like merchandise with this technology, because it spawned a brand new technology Chaser at its 1985 debut. A four-door hardtop sedan, Chaser appeared just like the Mark II however was barely smaller. Successive generations of the Chaser would hone in on its sporty picture, and it lived by 2001 as a well-equipped and sporty hardtop sedan.

The Cresta was additionally a Mark II offspring and continued on its Mark II platform for a second technology in 1985. Cresta was costlier than the Mark and occupied the midsize slot under the very costly Crown. Beginning with the X60 technology, Cresta step by step converged with Chaser and moved a bit downmarket, till it was canceled alongside Chaser in 2001. Each Chaser and Cresta existed previous to the X70 Mark II, however have been consolidated onto its platform and have become extra just like it in 1985.

The third-gen Cressida was on sale from 1984 by 1988 and cemented the mannequin’s repute as a conservative and dependable (if a bit staid) luxurious sedan. Toyota gave it yet one more go in 1989, because the Cressida was squeezed out from above by that all-new model with the L emblem. Extra subsequent time.

[Images: Toyota]

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December 2022