Parking EVs In Driveways and on the Road: Implications for EV Charging

Parking EVs In Driveways and on the Road: Implications for EV Charging


I’ve lengthy talked about how one of many main hurdles to EV adoption within the US is that roughly 40 p.c of US households don’t have handy entry to EV charging in a single day the place they reside. These are individuals who reside in flats, condominiums, and concrete settings the place they don’t have a storage. In essence, not like single-family households with garages, these automotive house owners don’t management their very own charging future.

However I not too long ago got here throughout an article and knowledge that implies that maybe greater than one-third of US households with garages don’t truly park their automobiles in them. Ouch. The examine by Jamey M. B. Volker and Calvin G. Thigpen on the Institute of Transportation Research, UC Davis, and printed in The Journal of Transport and Land Use (Be aware: examine PDF will robotically obtain) estimated that 37% of the households within the Sacramento, CA market they studied don’t use their storage for parking automobiles.

Stated one other manner, solely 63% of the households studied within the Sacramento market used their garages to park or restore their automobiles and vehicles. However an estimated 75.5% used their garages for storage and 12.1% use their garages for an additional room, similar to a pastime room, health club, or leisure space (“man cave”).

The commonest particular person use is for storage, with over 75% of households utilizing their garages for this function. This exceeds the 63% of households that use their garages at the least partially for his or her supposed function, automotive parking. One other considerably widespread use was as an additional room (12%), whereas the opposite use instances (as a residing house utilized by the family or rented to a tenant) had been a lot much less widespread.

The Journal of Transport and Land Use — Jamey M. B. Volker, Calvin G. Thigpen

Whereas I used to be conscious of this development — I see it loud and clear in my very own neighborhood — I hadn’t realized how wide-spread this development truly was within the US. Different research referenced within the UC Davis report put the share of properties with garages that don’t truly park automobiles in them each above and under the creator’s personal findings relying in the marketplace.

Statistics gathered by the web site GarageLiving.com present extra knowledge factors:

  • Of 1,500 North American respondents to a Storage Residing ballot, 20% mentioned they had been unable to park of their storage.
  • A Sparefoot survey of 1,000 People discovered that 47% of them admitted to encountering issues with with the ability to park of their storage.
  • And one other UCLA examine of 32 Los Angeles-area households discovered that 75% of them didn’t use their garages for parking.
  • 25% of individuals with 2-car garages don’t park in them in any respect (US Division of Vitality)

With research and surveys starting from 20%, 25%, 37%, 47%, and to 75% — there isn’t a transparent consensus on what number of households don’t park their automobiles and vehicles of their garages. What is evident, nonetheless, is that the share is sizable. Based on the US Census, there are roughly 91.5 million properties within the US and 81% of those properties have a storage or carport. Doing the maths, that’s roughly 74 million properties within the US which have a storage or carport. Lastly, if we then say that one-third of those households are usually not in a position to or selected to not park of their storage, we find yourself with practically 27 million.

So if my math and estimates are near appropriate, roughly 27 million households residing in single-family properties can not pull into their storage and plug in and cost an electrical automobile. As a substitute, they should run the charging cable or extension twine (not suggested) from contained in the storage, set up a charger exterior the storage, by some means cost from the road, depend on public charging, or make the most of a cell charging service (charging as a service).

Why does this matter? Effectively merely put, the extra hurdles there are to handy charging, the slower EV adoption within the US shall be.

I not too long ago chatted with somebody within the business who laughed after I talked about these households and he shared that he was one in all them. His answer. He drilled a gap within the backside of his storage door and ran the charging cable from the charger inside his storage to the surface and put in a backyard hose holder to carry the charging cable.

Impact on Gross sales In Chilly Climate Areas

Whereas there are extra components concerned than the climate, most of the states with a low EV gross sales share are states with very chilly winters. In chilly temperatures EV batteries take longer to cost and are much less environment friendly, and can see lowered vary as drivers flip up their heaters and seat heaters.

On the Nationwide Car Sellers Affiliation (NADA) convention in March, I spoke with a Nissan supplier from Fairbanks, Alaska who talked about that many residents there shouldn’t have garages and that EVs and even common hybrids had been an enormous problem as a result of extraordinarily chilly winters. Due to the lowered vary in very chilly climate and longer charging time, adoption of EVs amongst households in cold-winter markets with out garages will probably be one of many final purchaser segments to buy EVs.

Options for the “EV Charging Challenged” House owner Inhabitants

Households residing in single-family properties however with out entry to cost in a storage have larger management over their very own charging future than those that reside in flats and condominiums and who’re on the whim of property house owners and HOAs. However not with the ability to pull into your storage and plug in provides extra steps for these households. Following are among the potential choices for these households:

Charging Equipment for EVs Parking in Driveways

In my very own neighborhood, I see a number of EV drivers with lengthy cables from Stage 2 chargers within the storage, and extension cords presumably from a 120 Volt outlet. With my estimate of 27 million properties with out entry to parking EVs within the storage, there must be a large marketplace for:

  • Climate-proof chargers: Stage 2 and Stage 1 chargers and retailers which might be shielded from the rain, solar, snow, and frigid temperatures.
  • Longer charging cables: Many residential EV chargers include 8-, or 12-foot cables which typically work positive in a storage if the EV is parked near the place the charger is mounted. EVs parked in a driveway or on the road in entrance of the EV driver’s house might have a 24-foot (or longer cable). Maybe after market extension cables might develop into a factor sooner or later? Under is a pattern of a 40-foot extension cable from Lectron.
  • Outside reels to carry the lengthy cables: With the necessity for lengthy charging cables, many householders will wish to have a reel for his or her charging cable much like what’s used for backyard hoses. Doing a fast search, I discovered merchandise such because the EVReel, from an organization of the identical identify based mostly in The Netherlands which has a premium self-contained answer which you could preserve in your automotive. And the EVOREEL from Phillips & Temro

Modern Charging Options

The place there’s a downside to resolve there are entrepreneurs on the prepared to supply an answer. For the home-owner with out a storage, these embody curbside chargers, wi-fi charging, moveable batteries, and charging that involves you.

Road Gentle/Utility Pole Chargers: A number of cities together with Kansas Metropolis and Los Angeles have begun deploying or will set up quickly, EV chargers mounted on utility and road gentle poles.

Picture Supply: FLO video

Curbside and Pop-Up Chargers: Designed particularly for city properties with out off-street parking, quite a few corporations have developed chargers that pop up from the bottom in sidewalks or brief pedestals that look nearly like bollards. As a result of fewer properties within the UK and particularly in dense cities like London have garages, many of the corporations providing some type of curbside and pop-up charging answer are within the UK. They embody City Electrical, Trojan Vitality, and Rolec.

Picture Supply: City Electrical

Cellular Charging As A Service: One of many extra intriguing approaches to fixing the “EV charging challenged” market are cell on-demand charging providers. As an EV driver, you order the charging service from a cell app on an as-needed foundation or through month-to-month plan. These charging providers will come cost your EV whether or not parked in entrance of your own home, the place you’re employed or bought to high school, or whereas on the shopping center. Globally I’ve found a number of corporations getting into this market, together with Evoltify, Oomph, and SparkCharge with its At present answer.

Picture Supply: SparkCharge

Moveable Battery Options: An rising market alternative is for private moveable chargers that you simply cost inside your own home, condo, or apartment after which roll out to your automotive in your driveway or streetside to cost your EV. One start-up firm within the UK, ZipCharge has developed a conveyable charger known as the ZipCharge Go that’s in regards to the dimension of a baggage curler bag. Advantages of options just like the ZipCharge Go are that it may be used to energy and cost different gadgets similar to energy instruments and TVs at out of doors occasions and used as an influence backup in your house.

Supply: ZipCharge

Wi-fi Charging: One other answer that holds enormous future promise is wi-fi charging, which simplifies and improves the EV charging expertise. With wi-fi charging, you merely pull your EV over the wi-fi charging pad (major coil) and your EV and charging pad acknowledges one another, and after accepting the “begin charging” immediate in your automotive’s navigation display — the charging begins. 

Picture Courtesy: WiTricity

The advantages of wi-fi charging are that as an EV driver you don’t have to get out of your automotive, begin the cost course of, and plug the charging connector into your EV. That is particularly of worth throughout inclement climate or upon returning to your automotive and having to take care of heavy cables whereas carrying a child or heavy grocery baggage.

The draw back of wi-fi charging is that at the least right now no EVs out there within the US have the required secondary wi-fi coil both customary or as an choice. (This may change within the subsequent few years and Plugless Energy, WiTricity, and HEVO all provide aftermarket options.) Secondly, wi-fi charging tools is costlier and at the least with residential set up in a driveway, there can be a further price to trench the driveway (if desired) to bury the cable between the charging pad and the wallbox. The key corporations within the wi-fi EV charging market embody WiTricity, Momentum Dynamics, Plugless Energy, and HEVO.

Picture Supply: WiTricity

Conventional Public/Non-public Charging Choices

Along with all the above potential options for owners with out handy entry to charging, a wide range of conventional private and non-private charging choices might help handle this situation. These embody, however are usually not restricted to the next:

Office: For these EV house owners who commute and have entry to chargers at their place of employment, office charging can develop into their substitute for at house charging. The draw back after all is that if charging is required over the weekend or you’re unable to entry chargers on sure days as a result of too many fellow workers occupying the chargers.

Retail/Eating places: One of the fashionable areas for EV chargers are purchasing malls, outlet malls, and retail retailer parking heaps similar to Goal and Walmart, each of which have many Tesla Superchargers and Electrify America DC quick chargers. And firms like Volta Charging provide free Stage 2 charging at purchasing malls, strip malls, and in entrance of supermarkets similar to Entire Meals. And count on to see an increasing number of eating places and occasional outlets similar to Starbucks add DC quick chargers to their areas. EV drivers may cost at a mix of those location varieties throughout lunch, on the commute house, and on weekends.

Volvo C40 charging at a Starbucks coffee shop
Picture Supply: Volvo USA

Comfort Shops: Whereas many individuals imagine that fuel stations are usually not the longer term mannequin for EV charging, what they miss is that the standalone fuel station mannequin is already a factor of the previous. As we speak within the US the overwhelming majority of gasoline is bought both at massive retailers like Sam’s Membership, Costco, and Safeway or comfort shops. And in reality, most of the main comfort retailer chains have now begun including DC quick chargers to their retailer areas.

Circle Ok has plans so as to add chargers at 200 shops in North America by 2024 and 7-Eleven plans so as to add DC quick chargers at 500 North American areas by the tip of 2022. Many different comfort retailer chains together with WaWa, Sheetz, Casey’s, and Kum & Go are partnering with Electrify America and Tesla, amongst different charging suppliers. Phillips 66 not too long ago introduced a partnership with FreeWire Know-how to deploy their Increase Charger which mixes battery storage with DC quick charging. Shell Recharge has plans to function 500,000 cost factors by 2025, however it’s unclear what number of of those shall be at Shell retail areas within the US.

Whereas not an excellent answer for owners with out entry to charging of their storage, for some EV drivers, stopping at a neighborhood comfort retailer 2-3 instances per week — for espresso and a muffin within the morning, a sandwich for lunch, and selecting up a couple of wanted groceries on the best way house within the night.

Mass Transit Parking Tons: And for these drivers who commute to work through mass transit buses and trains, charging your EV whereas it sits within the transit car parking zone for 8-10 hours is a good choice. In 8 Causes Mass Transit Parking Tons Make Perfect EV Charging Facilities I shared the whereas transit parking and EVs are an ideal match.

VW eGolf charging at Fremont Warm Springs Station-BART
VW eGolf charging at Fremont Heat Springs Station-BART

Do you might have a storage stuffed with junk and park your EV within the driveway? Let me know within the feedback what your answer is to charging? Did I miss any approaches or do you might have some nice concepts to deal with these home-owner conditions? Are you a start-up with a fantastic answer? Let me know.


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September 2022